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An Unmanned Aerial System for Automatic Forest Fire Monitoring and Measurement

L. Merino, F. Caballero, J.R. Martinez-de-Dios, I. Maza, and A. Ollero. An Unmanned Aerial System for Automatic Forest Fire Monitoring and Measurement. Journal of Intelligent and Robotic Systems, 65:533–548, 2012.

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Abstract

The paper presents an Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS), consisting ofseveral aerial vehicles and a central station, for forest fire monitoring. Fire monitoringis defined as the computation in real-time of the evolution of the fire front shape andpotentially other parameters related to the fire propagation, and is very importantfor forest fire fighting. The paper shows how an UAS can automatically obtain thisinformation by means of on-board infrared or visual cameras. Moreover, it is shownhow multiple aerial vehicles can collaborate in this application, allowing to cover biggerareas or to obtain complementary views of a fire. The paper presents results obtainedin experiments considering actual controlled forest fires in quasi-operational conditions,involving a fleet of three vehicles, two autonomous helicopters and one blimp.

BibTeX Entry

@ARTICLE{merino11icuas,
  author = {L. Merino and F. Caballero and J.R. Martinez-de-Dios and I. Maza and A. Ollero},
  title = {An Unmanned Aerial System for Automatic Forest Fire Monitoring and Measurement},
  journal = {Journal of Intelligent and Robotic Systems},
  year = {2012},
  volume={65},
  issue={1-4},
  pages = {533--548},
  doi = {10.1007/s10846-011-9560-x},
  abstract={The paper presents an Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS), consisting of
several aerial vehicles and a central station, for forest fire monitoring. Fire monitoring
is defined as the computation in real-time of the evolution of the fire front shape and
potentially other parameters related to the fire propagation, and is very important
for forest fire fighting. The paper shows how an UAS can automatically obtain this
information by means of on-board infrared or visual cameras. Moreover, it is shown
how multiple aerial vehicles can collaborate in this application, allowing to cover bigger
areas or to obtain complementary views of a fire. The paper presents results obtained
in experiments considering actual controlled forest fires in quasi-operational conditions,
involving a fleet of three vehicles, two autonomous helicopters and one blimp.},
}

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